Methods of Non-Pressure Granulation of Industrial Waste


  • Katarzyna Lawinska ?UKASIEWICZ Research Network - Institute of Leather Industry, Lodz, Poland
  • Andrzej Rostocki ?UKASIEWICZ Research Network - Institute of Leather Industry, Lodz, Poland
  • Andrzej Obraniak Lodz University of Technology, Faculty of Process and Environmental Engineering, Lodz, Poland
  • Remigiusz Modrzewski Lodz University of Technology, Faculty of Process and Environmental Engineering, Lodz, Poland



Agglomeration, granules, waste shavings, carbonation lime mud


This paper discusses the potential for using non-pressure agglomeration methods in industrial waste processing for the purpose of its reuse in a closed cycle. Waste products of the leather industry (shavings) and the food industry (carbonation lime mud and molasses), together with easily accessible mineral fillers (dolomite, gypsum, limestone flour) underwent granulation. Grain size composition and the value of compressive force destruction of granules were specified for agglomerates produced in line with the selected methods. The resultant granulated products were characterised by a regular shape and good breaking resistance (more than 10N). The proposed methods make it possible to process and change the physical properties of a waste product and provide a free-flowing agglomerated granular bed containing both mineral and organic components, which is easy to store, transport and dose.


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