Impact of Common Agricultural Policy on Fruit Production in the South-West Region of Bulgaria


  • I. Krishkova Institute of Agriculture, Kyustendil, Agricultural Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • K. Radomirska Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski ”, Faculty of Geology and Geography, Sofia, Bulgaria



Harvested areas, Fruit production, Averege yields


Fruit production is a significant component of Bulgarian agriculture. Unfortunately, its development has been widely criticized due to farmer’s lack of knowledge of modern technological solutions and a lack of necessary state support. Nevertheless, fruit production has shown signs of progress. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) implementation on fruit growing in Bulgaria, particularly in the South-West region of the country. An in-depth analysis was conducted to assess the development and changes in the years following its EU accession. In particular, we assessed indicators, such as changes in the harvested areas, production and average yields of the major fruit crops. The survey covers the period 2006–2019, and the initial year (2006) serving as a base year, accounting for 100% of the parameter value. The dynamics of the indicators were determined, and the conditions for the development of fruit production were assessed using official statistical data published in the bulletins of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Agrostatistics Directorate. For the collection and processing of official statistical data descriptive statistics methods were used.

The analysis results revealed that the implementation of CAP after the accession of our country to the EU had a positive impact on the fruit production in the South-West region of Bulgaria. The amount of fruit produced in 2019 was 98.3% higher than that in 2006, which was mainly due to an expansion in the harvested areas by 85.6%. Nonetheless, a decrease was observed in the average yields of the two main fruit tree crops for the region - cherries (Prunus avium) and apples (Malus domestica). This decline was caused by the unfavorable climatic conditions and the aging and abandonment of some of the plantations.


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