Impact of Common Agricultural Policy on Fruit Production in the South-West Region of Bulgaria

Authors

  • I. Krishkova Institute of Agriculture, Kyustendil, Agricultural Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • K. Radomirska Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski ”, Faculty of Geology and Geography, Sofia, Bulgaria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31437/2415-0142.2022.08.03

Keywords:

Harvested areas, Fruit production, Averege yields

Abstract

Fruit production is a significant component of Bulgarian agriculture. Unfortunately, its development has been widely criticized due to farmer’s lack of knowledge of modern technological solutions and a lack of necessary state support. Nevertheless, fruit production has shown signs of progress. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) implementation on fruit growing in Bulgaria, particularly in the South-West region of the country. An in-depth analysis was conducted to assess the development and changes in the years following its EU accession. In particular, we assessed indicators, such as changes in the harvested areas, production and average yields of the major fruit crops. The survey covers the period 2006–2019, and the initial year (2006) serving as a base year, accounting for 100% of the parameter value. The dynamics of the indicators were determined, and the conditions for the development of fruit production were assessed using official statistical data published in the bulletins of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Agrostatistics Directorate. For the collection and processing of official statistical data descriptive statistics methods were used.

The analysis results revealed that the implementation of CAP after the accession of our country to the EU had a positive impact on the fruit production in the South-West region of Bulgaria. The amount of fruit produced in 2019 was 98.3% higher than that in 2006, which was mainly due to an expansion in the harvested areas by 85.6%. Nonetheless, a decrease was observed in the average yields of the two main fruit tree crops for the region - cherries (Prunus avium) and apples (Malus domestica). This decline was caused by the unfavorable climatic conditions and the aging and abandonment of some of the plantations.

References

Rancheva E, Bencheva N. Effects and perspectives of the impact of common agricultural policy /CAP/ on the development of farms in Bulgaria. Journal of Central European Agriculture 2012; 13(3): 536-547.

Todorova S, Rancheva E. Expert evaluation of the priorities and problems in the activity of the producer organizations. Agricultural Economics and Management 2011; (6): 14-22.

Bencheva N. State, problems and development of the agricultural sector in Bulgaria under the common agricultural policy. Agricultural Sciences 2012; IV(9): 7-17.

Slavova Y, Atanasova M. The Bulgarian agriculture in the conditions of the world economic crisis – Problems and perspectives. Agricultural Economics and Management 2009; 3: 8-15.

Garnevska E, Bencheva N. Development and challenges of Bulgarian dairy industry in the last two decades, 18th International farm management association congress, Thriving in a global world innovation, co-operation and leadership 2011; pp. 181-188, New Zealand, http://www.ifmaonline.org/pdf/congress/11_Garnevska&Bencheva_P181-188.pdf

Bashev H. Assessment of impacts of EU CAP implementation on Bulgarian Farms. Economics and Management of Agriculture 2012; (1): 14-29.

Ivanov B, Popov R, Malamova N, Mitova D, Sokolova E, Toteva D, Dimitrova D, Stoychev V, Jojova A, Gorcheva K. Report "10 Years of the CAP in Bulgaria". SARA. America for Bulgaria Foundation 2017; p. 44.

Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development, ECORYS, Wageningen Economic Research, EU Risk Management Survey, 2018. http://old.europe.bg/fr/htmls/ page.php?category=82&id=18787&translation=bg; https://www.mzh.government.bg/media/filer_public/2018/02/19/obshta-selskostopanska-politika-2010.pdf; https://www.mzh.government.bg/bg/politiki-i-programi/politiki-i-strategii/obshta-selskostopanska-politika/

Georgiev V, Borovinova M, Koleva A. Cherry, Sofia, Zemizdat 2001; p. 352. (Bg)

Georgiev V, Manov S. The cherry-sour cherry zone in the Struma agro-industrial complex - Kyustendil. Front experience and innovations in fruit growing, Sofia 1975; 9-51.(Bg)

Iliev I, Penev S. Apple. Hristo Danov Publishing House, Plovdiv 1973; p. 175 (Bg)

Saeva S, Doychev K, Domozetov D, Iliev S, Kukov H, Kirilov K, Borovinova M, Ivanova I. Economical efficiency of apple orchards models cultivated under drip irrigation. Proceeding of the 65 years Institute of Fruit Growing in Kyustendi: Fruit growing under the conditions of the market economy 1994; pp. 166-168. (Bg)

Gerginova A, Arshinkova A, Galabova V, Lucarska G, Atanassova D, Galabova E, Mihaylov M, Boyadzhiev N, Panev P, Dimitrov P, Brusseva R, Smerdzhieva T, Bandeva F, Pindev Y, Kostadinov V. Agrostatistical reference book 2000-2015. Ministry of agriculture and food 2016.

Downloads

Published

2022-06-20

Issue

Section

Articles