Medication-Related Osteonecrosis: A Clinical Case Report

Authors

  • Filipe de Freitas da Silva Silva is a Graduated in Dentistry at Centro Universitário de União da Vitória, Brazil
  • Gisele Fernandes Dias Dias is a Pos Doctor from Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa, Ponta Grossa, Paraná, Brazil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30576/2414-2050.2021.07.08

Keywords:

Bone, Osteoporosis, Osteonecrosis, Diphosphonates.

Abstract

Introduction: Medication-related osteonecrosis is a debilitating pathology that affects patients who undergo or have undergone treatment for metabolic bone tissue diseases with antiresorptive and/or antiangiogenic drugs. It is the exposure of necrotic bone tissue in the maxillofacial region, persisting for more than 8 weeks, which can be probed through intra- or extraoral fistula in patients who take these medications and do not have a previous history of radiotherapy in the head and neck region. Countless treatments aim to solve the lesions triggered by the disease. However, none of them was consolidated in the literature as the choice one.

Methods: This paper consisted of a clinical case study, with a 32-month clinical follow-up of a patient with postmenopausal osteoporosis. She developed an osteonecrotic lesion post-exodontia in the left inferior quadrant.

Results: After outpatient conservative therapy, hospital surgery, and laser therapy, the clinical lesion was solved, without recurrence.

Conclusion: Medication-related osteonecrosis is a difficult-to-treat condition that causes morbidity in those affected. The conservative handling of the clinical case resulted in beneficial effects to solve the painful symptomatology and infection. However, it was not enough to close the wound and solve the lesion in stage 2, which only happened after hospital surgery.

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Published

2021-03-30

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